Percy Bysshe Shelley – Life and Works

Percy Bysshe Shelley – Life and Works

P.B. Shelley – Life and Works : Friends, in Today’s post, we will learn about the life of Percy Bysshe Shelley and the important facts related to it and will also throw light on his literary works.

Percy Bysshe Shelley : Life

Percy Bysshe Shelley – Life : Percy Bysshe Shelley was a famous Romantic Poet and Dramatist of 19th Century. he belongs to Younger or Junior Generation of Romantic Poets Like John Keats and Byron.

P.B. SHELLEY Percy Bysshe Shelley
Born : 4 August, 1792, Horsham, Sussex, England
Died : 8 July, 1822, Gulf of la Spezia, Kingdom of Sardinia (at the age of 29)
Occupation : Poet, Dramatist, Essayist, Novelist
Parents :Timothy Shelley (Father)
Elizabeth Pilfold (Mother)
Education : University College, Oxford (No Degree taken by Shelley)
Spouse :Harriet Westbrook (died in 1816)
Mary Shelley (1816)
Best Known Works : Ode to the West Wind, The Masque of Anarchy

Percy Bysshe Shelley : Important Facts about his Life

Shelley’s theory of Economics and Morality had an influence on Karl Marx, Leo Tolstoy who influenced Gandhi and through him Martin Luther.

  • He received his early education at Home, tutored by the Evan Edward.
  • His Cousin and life long friend : Thomas Medwin who lived nearby, recounted his early childhood in his The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • In 1811, 19 Years Old Shelley eloped to scotland with 16 years old Harriet Westbrook Who later drowned in the Serpentine in Hyde Park, London.
  • Shelley was key Member of close circle of visionary poets and writers : Lord Byron, Leigh Hunt, Thomas Love Peacock And Mary Shelley – (His Wife).
  • Shelley became Lodestion to the 3/4 generation of poets – Victorian Poets, Pre Raphaelite Poets – Robert Browning, Dante Rossetti.
  • Admired by Oscar Wilde, G.B. Shaw, Hardy, Leo Tolstoy, W.B.Yeats, Bertrand Russell.

Shelley – Baits – Shelly entered Eton College where he was subjected to a Mob Torment by older boys, Who Called this incident – Shelley Baits.

  • Young Shelley would have his books torn from his hands and his clothes pulled at and torn until – ” Cracked Soprano ” of a Voice.

Shelley also had a platonic relationship with Elizabeth Hitchener – 28 Years Old unmarried School teacher, Whom shelley called – “Sister of my soul ” and ” My Second Self”

  • Shelley travelled in England’s Lake District where he visited the poet Robert Southey.
  • He also wrote two revolutionary political tracts under Nom De Plume (Psyudonym or Pen Name), The Hermit of Marlow on Boxing Day
  • Death – in 1822, Shelley drowned in a sudden storm on the Gulf of Spezia while returning from Leghron to Lerici in his sailing boat The Don Juan.
  • He was returning from having setup – The Liberal with Leigh Hunt.
  • Don Juan – a compliment to Byron, was chosen by Edward John Trelawny.
  • Hunt, Byron and Trelawny joined funeral of Shelley But Hunt did not observe the cremation and Byron left early.
  • Two Englishman – Edward Elerker Williams, Charles Vivien also with Shelley on the Boat.
  • Shelley’s Body was Washed ashore and Later, kept with quarantin regulation and cremated on the beach near Viareggio.
  • In Shelley’s Pocket was a small books of Keats Poetry. then Byron says :

” I never met a man who was not a beast in comparison to him.”

  • Shelley ashes were interred in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome.

When Shelley’s body had been buried, his friend Edward Trelawny had snatched the whole heart from the pyre.This heart had been buried with Shelley’s son Percy.

  • All account remains in the Churchyard of St. Peter’s Church, Bournemouth.

Percy Bysshe Shelley : Works

Percy Bysshe Shelley – Works :Shelley’s Major Works lists are here :

Literary WorksTime
Zastrozzi : A Romance – Gothic Novel1810
The Necessity of Atheism1811
The Devil’s Walk : A Ballad1812
Queen Mab : A Philosophical Poem; with Notes1813
Alastor, or the spirit of Solitude : And other poems 1815
Mont Blanc : lines written in the vale of Chamouni1816
Hymn to intellectual beauty1817
Laon and Cythna or the Revolution of the Golden City : A vision of the 19th Centuary 1817
The Revolt of Islam 1818
Rosalind and Helen, A modern Eclogue; with other Poems – A poem collection1819
The Cenci, A tragedy, in five Acts 1819
Ode to the West Wind – an ode 1819-1820
The Masque of Anarchy : a british political poem 1819
England in 1819 : A Political sonnet1819
A philosophical view of Reform 1819-20
Prometheus unbound 1820
To a Skylark – poem 1820
The Cloud – poem 1820
The witch of Atlas : Major poetic work 1820
Adonais : An elegy on the death of John Keats, Author of Endymion, Hyperion etc. 1821
A defence of poetry 1821
Epipsychidion 1821
The triumph of life – last major Work 1822
Wolfstein; or the mysterious Bandit 1822
Julian and Maddalo – poem 1824
Collaborations with Mary Shelley :Time
History of six week’s Tour1817
Frankenstein or the modern Prometheus 1818
Prospine – a verse drama written for children in blank verse 1820
Midas – a verse drama in blank verse 1820
Other Works :Time
Music, When soft voices die 1824

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